How did we choose what resources to link to?
We always strived to choose resources that balanced being:
- Up to date: Resources we link to are sometimes out of date on federal law and topics other than what we linked to them for. Always check the date of publication.
- Clear: We have chosen resources that come close or closest to the high standards of plain language and design.
- Relevant: A few resources are federal or from other provinces, but they still offer guidance on law relevant to Ontario nonprofits.
- Answered many questions in one place
Errors & omissions
We have no control over resources found at the links. We do not guarantee the correctness of each resource.
Always visit the firm website to confirm that authors are still working with the same firm. Contact information provided in resources may be out of date.
If you have questions about our process, notice broken links, or think we missed a resource or a question, please let us know.
How did we choose what questions to answer in this section?
We selected topics based on:
- How often CLEO and the Ontario Nonprofit Network (ONN) get asked them
- How easily the information can be found elsewhere
- How serious the consequences of not following the law could be
Overall, we focused on nonprofits currently incorporated under Ontario’s Corporations Act (OCA) or thinking about incorporating under it.
What questions didn’t we include in this section?
Limited time and funding meant we had to make some hard choices. We left out information on charities, fundraising, and dissolving a non-profit.
We haven’t completely left charities out. Throughout this section, asterisks like this one will warn you when things work differently for charities and tell you where to go for more information. Also, some of the resources we link to talk about charities and nonprofits at the same time.
How did we answer questions in this section?
Because of limited resources and the wealth of information already out there, we thought our time would be best spent connecting you to existing resources instead of developing original content.
Nonprofit, non-profit or not-for-profit?
People often use not-for-profit, non-profit, and nonprofit interchangeably. We use the term “nonprofit” throughout this section as a catch-all term without specific legal meaning. We chose “nonprofit” because:
- “non-profit” could be short for “non-profit organization” (a tax term) and
- “not-for-profit” could be a short form for “not-for-profit corporation” (a corporate term)
Who made this section possible?
This section was made possible by:
- The Donner Canadian Foundation whose Civic Leadership Fellowship supported the work of Benjamin Miller, a law student at the University of Toronto
- Brenda Doner, who guided the development throughout
- Carina Vincent, who thoroughly edited these pages and provided much feedback
- Elisa Mangina of Pooran Law, who reviewed and offered considerable feedback on a number of pages.
- Adam Aptowitzer of Drache Aptowitzer and Robert Hayhoe of Miller Thomson who reviewed and offered feedback on changes related to Bill 154.
- The following public, non-profit, and private organizations, whose materials we have used. They have worked tirelessly over so many years to educate and build the nonprofit sector:
- Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General
- Ontario Office of the Public Guardian and Trustee
- Ontario Ministry of Government and Consumer Services
- Canada Revenue Agency
- Industry Canada
- Ontario Nonprofit Network
- Imagine Canada
- Pro Bono Ontario
- Law Society of Upper Canada
- Charity Village
- MaRS Discovery District
- Chartered Professional Accountants Canada
- Governance Centre of Excellence
- Public Legal Education and Information Service of New Brunswick
Reviewed: December 2017